The Ministry of Energy (MoE) of Iran was established in 1975 to be in charge of managing and coordinating water and energy activities except oil and gas. Until the middle of 1990s, the electricity sector in Iran was completely centralized and managed by the Ministry of Energy. In accordance with privatization program, the government seeks to increase private sector participation in currently centralized sector, including the electricity sector.
The MoE is the main organ of the Government, responsible for the regulation and implementation of policies applicable to four main industries including electricity, renewable energies, water and wastewater services. To carry out these tasks and responsibilities, a very complex structure was designed.